Limited research suggests that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be more prevalent amongst Veterans than the general population; ADHD is also commonly comorbid with substance use disorders/symptoms (SUDs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate SUDs in Veterans diagnosed with ADHD and assess the relationship among ADHD, SUDs, and impulsivity. Veterans completed a clinical evaluation in a VA medical center that included the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), Conners Continuous Performance Test-3 (CPT-3), and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Concise (AUDC). Subjects without missing data were included (n = 257); those with invalid performance or report were accounted for as appropriate. SUDs rates were not significantly different in those diagnosed with ADHD (4.8%) compared to those without ADHD (7.1%), χ2 = 0.62, p = .437, ϕ = -0.05. Continuous measures of substance use were not significantly different between those with and without ADHD (all p > .05). Across four hierarchical regression models, ADHD was not a significant predictor of SUDs; however, MMPI-2-RF Disconstraint was related to MMPI-2-RF Substance Abuse (p <.001) and AUDC scores (p = .010). Clinical implications of these findings and recommendations for future research are discussed.
|First Author||Anna Theresa Magnante|
|Second Author||Robert D Shura|