Poster Abstracts

Abstract

Relationships between cognitive/emotional health and resiliency in Veterans with mTBI are still poorly understood. We examined cognitive functioning, psychological distress, and perceived cognitive adaptability and resiliency in Veterans with repeated blast exposure. Nine male Veterans (mean age = 53.78) completed cognitive (Delis-Kaplan Executive Function Scales-DKEFS Verbal Fluency; Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised-BVMT-R; CVLT-3), psychological (Patient Health Questionnaire-9-PHQ-9), and behavioral health measures (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale-CD-RISC; Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory-NSI; Neuro-Quality of Life-NQOL; Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index-PSQI). Increased NSI severity was associated with lower letter fluency (r(7) = -.82), while better NQOL was associated with an executive functioning measure (Category Switching Accuracy, r(6) = .90). Lower sleep quality (PSQI) was associated with reduced visuospatial organization (BVMT-R Figure Copy, r(6) = -.96). Higher PHQ-9 depression was associated with poorer verbal recognition (Total Hits, r(7) = -.94; Recognition Discrimination, r(7) = -.88). Higher resiliency on CD-RISC and NQOL ratings were associated with better Total Hits and Recognition Discrimination, respectively, r(6) = .94; r(6) = .92, and r(7) = .89; r(7) = .83. Resiliency, perceived adaptability and severity of self-reported neurobehavioral symptoms should be considered in the development of coping strategies and behavioral health interventions for improving cognitive and emotional functioning in Veterans with repeated blast exposure.

First AuthorMary M Valmas
Second AuthorKamila U Pollin
Third AuthorImmanuel B Samuel
Fourth AuthorCharity B Breneman
Fifth AuthorMichelle Prisco
Sixth AuthorJohn Barrett
Seventh AuthorMatthew Reinhard
Eighth AuthorMichelle E Costanzo
Ninth AuthorRyan Brewster